Internet and Computer Crimes

What are Federal Internet and Computer Crimes?

Federal internet and computer crimes refer to illegal activities conducted using computers, computer networks, and the internet that fall under the jurisdiction of federal law enforcement agencies in the United States. These crimes involve the use of technology to carry out various illicit activities, often with the intent to gain unauthorized access, cause damage, commit fraud, or violate laws related to intellectual property, national security, or privacy.

Examples of Federal Internet and Computer Crimes:

Hacking and unauthorized access: This includes gaining unauthorized access to computer systems, networks, or data, often with the intent to steal information, disrupt operations, or commit fraud.

Cyberterrorism: This refers to using computers or the internet to carry out acts of terrorism, such as launching cyber-attacks against critical infrastructure, government systems, or public networks.

Identity theft: This involves using someone else’s personal information, such as Social Security numbers or credit card details, without their consent to commit fraud or other criminal activities.

Phishing and online fraud: Phishing involves tricking individuals into revealing sensitive information, such as login credentials or financial details, through deceptive emails, websites, or messages. Online fraud encompasses various schemes conducted over the Internet, including financial scams, auction fraud, and pyramid schemes.

Distribution of malware and viruses: This includes creating, distributing, or using malicious software, such as viruses, worms, or ransomware, to gain unauthorized access, steal data, or disrupt computer systems.

Intellectual property theft: This involves the unauthorized reproduction, distribution, or sale of copyrighted material, such as software, music, movies, or books, through online platforms or networks.

Child exploitation: This includes crimes like child pornography, online enticement of minors, or the distribution of explicit material involving minors.
Denial of Service (DoS) and Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) attacks: These attacks aim to overwhelm targeted websites or computer networks, rendering them inaccessible to legitimate users.


The penalties for federal internet and computer crimes can vary depending on the specific offense committed. However, here is some general information about potential penalties for federal internet and computer crimes. The penalties can include:

Imprisonment: Offenders convicted of federal internet and computer crimes can face significant prison sentences. The length of the sentence depends on the nature and severity of the offense. For instance, hacking into a computer system to commit fraud or cause damage may result in a substantial prison term.

Fines: Individuals convicted of federal internet and computer crimes may be subject to monetary fines. The amount of the fine can vary based on the offense committed and can range from thousands to millions of dollars.

Restitution: In cases where victims suffered financial losses or damages due to the offense, the court may order the offender to pay restitution. This involves reimbursing the victims for the harm they incurred.

Probation: In some cases, a court may impose probation as part of the sentence. This typically involves regular check-ins with a probation officer, adherence to specific conditions, and restrictions on the offender’s activities.

Asset forfeiture: If an individual has used computers or the internet for criminal purposes, the court may order the forfeiture of any assets obtained through illegal activities or used in connection with the offense. This could include computers, servers, or other equipment involved in the commission of the crime.

It’s important to mention that the penalties for federal internet and computer crimes can be influenced by various factors, such as the offender’s criminal history, the extent of the damage caused, the value of the losses incurred, and the presence of any number of aggravating or mitigating circumstances. Therefore, it is crucial to seek advice from a qualified attorney regarding specific federal laws and penalties associated with internet and computer crimes.

What Does a Federal Internet and Computer Crimes Defense Attorney Do?

A federal Internet and computer crimes defense attorney is experienced in representing individuals or organizations accused of or charged with offenses related to internet and computer crimes at the federal level. These attorneys have in-depth knowledge and experience in both criminal law and the technical aspects of cybercrime.

Here are some of the key responsibilities and tasks of a federal Internet and computer crimes defense attorney:

Legal Counsel: The attorney provides legal advice and guidance to clients who are facing charges related to internet and computer crimes. They help clients understand their rights, potential consequences, and available defense strategies.

Case Evaluation: The attorney assesses the evidence, charges, and circumstances of the case to develop a strategic defense plan. They identify weaknesses in the prosecution’s case and explore opportunities for the best possible outcome.

Defense Strategy: Based on their analysis, the attorney formulates a defense strategy tailored to the client’s specific situation. This may involve challenging the admissibility of evidence, questioning the legality of search and seizure procedures, or asserting constitutional violations. It could also involve a forensic defense with an expert or a challenge to the required mental state.

Negotiations: The attorney engages in negotiations with federal prosecutors to seek favorable plea deals or reduced charges for their clients. They advocate on behalf of the client to obtain the most beneficial outcome, such as reduced penalties or alternative sentencing options.

Trial Representation: If the case proceeds to trial, the attorney represents the client in court. They present arguments, cross-examine witnesses, and challenge the prosecution’s evidence to build a strong defense. They may also work with expert witnesses, such as forensic analysts or cybersecurity professionals, to provide technical expertise and support.

Compliance and Regulations: Federal internet and computer crime defense attorneys are knowledgeable about the complex laws, regulations, and legal precedents surrounding cybercrime. They stay updated on evolving technology and changes in legislation to effectively represent their clients.

Cybersecurity Knowledge: These attorneys employ experts who have a deep understanding of computer systems, digital networks, and cybercrime investigation techniques. This knowledge helps them analyze technical evidence, challenge the prosecution’s assertions, and present a compelling defense.

Post-Conviction Support: If a client is convicted, the attorney may assist with post-conviction matters, such as filing appeals, seeking sentence modifications, or pursuing post-conviction relief remedies.

The lawyers at the Attorneys For Freedom Law Firm have been representing clients charged with federal Internet and computer crimes for over three decades. We have represented clients in both state and federal courts. If you have been charged with federal Internet and computer crimes, you need a criminal defense attorney who has experience defending these types of cases and understands the various issues that can arise in these cases. We will provide the best representation possible for people accused of these crimes. To schedule a Strategy Session with an experienced federal Internet and computer crimes attorney, contact the Attorneys for Freedom today or call our Arizona office at 480-755-7110 or Hawai’i office at 808-647-2423.


Arizona Office Address:
3185 S. Price Rd.
Chandler, AZ 85248
Phone: 480-755-7110
Hawai’i Office Address:
1003 Bishop Street, Suite 1260 Pauahi Tower
Honolulu, Hawai’i 96813
Phone: 808-647-2423
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